When it comes to sports, Kabaddi embodies the spirited and athletic pride that India has. In actuality, it is the ideal game for individuals who enjoy excitement and a constant flow of adrenaline while working up a sweat on the field. Kabaddi, one of the most widely-played sports throughout India, has its origins in Indian heritage and has been there for generations.
In a match of kabaddi, two teams must participate in a contact sport. The game was first conceived in South India, where it has its roots in ancient Indian history. With seven players on each side, Kabaddi is essentially a combat sport.
It is played for 40 minutes with a 5-minute break (20-5-20). The goal of the game is to touch as many defensive players as you can without being caught on a breath while raiding into the opponent’s court to score points. Riders chant “kabaddi, kabaddi” as they move across to the side of the other team.
The game of kabaddi, which originated in South Asia, is also known as 카지노사이트 hu-tu-tu in western India, ha-do-do in eastern India and Bangladesh, chedu-gudu in southern India, gudu in Sri Lanka, and theechub in Thailand.
The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) serves as the game’s regulating body domestically, while the International Kabaddi Federation oversees the sport internationally. There are two main formats for the game: international and Indian. There are four primary styles under the Indian format: Sanjeevani, Gaminee, Amar, and Punjabi.
➢ Sanjeevani: With only a minor difference, the regulations for this edition are comparable to those for the worldwide version. In this variation, if one member from the opposing team is successful in ousting the other, they are reborn.
In this variation, a game lasts 40 minutes, with a 5-minute break at halftime. Each squad consists of 7 players. However, in this variation, if a team is successful in eliminating the entire opposing team, they will receive 4 additional points.
➢ Gaminee: There are 7 players in total on each side in this edition, and if a player is declared out, he or she must remain out until the entire team loses the game. There is no chance for player recovery.
A team earns a point if they are successful in eliminating every member of the rival team. The match goes on indefinitely as long as a team can successfully score 5-7 of these points.
➢ Amar: The game time in this variation is identical to that in Sanjeevani. In this format, if a player gets out, they can still remain on the field for the duration of the game. The score of the opposing team rises on the scoreboard the more players a raider can touch.
➢ Punjabi: This variation is essentially played on a 22-meter-diameter circular field. There are several similarities between the regulations for this and those in previous versions.
The game has been played in various ways since prehistoric times. Since 1930, the contemporary Kabaddi game has been played throughout India and certain other regions of South Asia.
In Maharashtra in the year 1921, for Kabaddi competitions on the combined pattern of Sanjeevani and Gemini, the earliest framework of the game’s regulations is believed to have been created. After that, a committee established in 1923 revised the norms created in 1921. The All India Kabaddi Tournament, which was held in 1923, used the revised regulations.
The All India Kabaddi Federation was established in 1950 to handle the game’s promotion, and the Senior National Championship debuted in 1952. The new organization, Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI), was founded in 1972 and is associated with the Indian Olympic Association (IOA). Its goal is to spread awareness of the sport throughout India and its Asian neighbors. Kabaddi changed after the creation of this organisation, and contests at the national level for junior and under-junior boys and girls also began.
The first Asian Kabaddi Championship took place in 1980, and the 1982 Asian Games in New Delhi featured it as a demonstration match.
The contest was a part of the South Asian Federation (SAF) games in Dacca, Bangladesh, starting in 1984. At the 11th Asian Games in Beijing in 1990, Kabaddi was included as a discipline, and India took home the event’s lone Gold Medal. India has won five consecutive gold medals at the Asian Games, making history in Indian sports. The Asian Games were hosted in Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002, and most recently Doha in 2006.
The first Kabaddi World Cup was held in Mumbai, India, in 2004, and India won it by defeating Iran in the championship match. India again won the second World Cup, which was played in Panvel, India, in 2007.
India won the gold medal at the First Asian Women’s Championship in Hyderabad in 2005. In 2006, Sri Lanka’s Colombo hosted the inaugural South Asian Games, which featured women’s kabaddi for the first time.
For the 15th Asian Games, which were held in Doha [Qatar] in 2006, a separate indoor stadium was constructed just for Kabaddi sport and training. Korean-made puzzle mats were used to construct the practice/warm-up courts and the main playing area.
A huge public screen that was installed on the main playing area showed replays and the current score. There were two “Tissot” plasma scoreboards, information terminals for the media, the ceremony staff, and the presentation crew.
The 15th Asian Games in Doha gave Kabaddi a tremendous chance to be seen by the many Europeans and Australians who helped to organize the Asian Games. A sizable number of spectators from European, American, Australian, Western Asian, and Mediterranean nations were greatly inspired by the Game’s straightforward rules and thrilling nature and wanted to bring the sport to their respective nations.
Due to this, Kabaddi has received very good exposure that will help it flourish in the future across the continents of Europe, the USA, Australia, and Africa.
The second Asian Indoor Games, which took place in Macau from October 25 to November 3, 2007, contained Kabaddi. India won the gold medal once more. India won both the gold medals in the men’s and women’s kabaddi events at the 2008 Asian Beach Games in Bali, which were hosted by Indonesia.
Since the last 50 years, there has been a subtle but important shift in the game’s trends. What is no longer viewed as a brawl has changed. The sport has become more fascinating and advantageous to competent players who can now overcome larger competitors with better abilities & methods with to the advent of mats, shoes, new tech & adjustments in rules.
Rules And Regulations of the Game
Both inside and outdoors can be used to play kabaddi, which has two primary variations: international and Indian, each with somewhat different regulations.
The offensive squad is known as raiders, while the defensive team is called the antis. The position changes depending on which side is making an attack. The fields are 10 m x 13 m for men and 8 m x 12 m for women. Three players who are seated outside the pitch may be reserved by each team.
If a player is hurt and unable to play further, these can be utilized as a replacement. The match is divided into two 20-minute halves with a 5-minute intermission, following which the teams switch sides.
Sending a raider into the other side’s half is the major goal for each team (antis). Before entering the half of the other side, the raider must inhale and then yell “kabaddi kabaddi” without pausing. The raider must return to his half after tagging a player from the opposing team and chanting. The referee will call the player “out” if he or she loses breath during the attempt or is unsuccessful in tagging a member of the other side.
The raider must be stopped from entering its half of the field by being caught by the player who has been tagged. To accomplish this, wrestle the raider to the ground until the chant is broken or someone takes a breath. The tagged player will be ruled out by the referee if the tagged defender is unable to stop the raider.
Defenders must exercise caution when attempting to catch the defender so as not to cross the field’s center line, often known as “the lobby,” as doing so may result in a foul. For raiders, there is one bonus line that can be touched; if the raider successfully makes it back to his half, an additional point is awarded.
A player must leave the field immediately after being ruled out. A point is scored by the opposing team each time a player is ruled “out.”
If the entire opposing team is eliminated, a team gets the chance to score three points, or the “lona.” If the raider successfully tags the entire team or makes contact with the opposing team while safely returning to its team’s half, this is typically done.
In Kabaddi, scoring is quite easy. Each opponent eliminated by a team results in one point being awarded to that team. There are several ways to knock out an opponent and score a point. This is accomplished during an attack by the raider touching members of the adversary and knocking them out. In order to defend, one must stop the raider from entering their own side.
In Kabaddi, extra points are also possible. If the raider successfully touches the bonus line in the opponent’s half, they will receive an additional point. When all of their opponents are ruled out, a team is eligible for three bonus points. They are also eligible for a point if any portion of an opponent’s body crosses the boundary.
Kabaddi Championships (International Level)
Asian Games: Since the 1990 Asian Games in Beijing, China, Kabaddi has been a regular event at the once every four years Asian Games. India has won a total of 9 gold medals in this sport up until 2015 and has consistently had a dominant position in Kabaddi at the Asian Games. With 3 Silver and 4 Bronze medals, Bangladesh has the most after India with a total of 7.
Kabaddi World Cup: Although it had its inception in 2004, it did not take effect until 2007. It has been an annual event since 2010. The World Cup’s format is a little different because the field is round. India had won every World Cup up until 2014, with Pakistan finishing in second place. At numerous World Cup finals, the two countries have faced off against one another, with Canada being the lone exception in 2011.
Women’s Kabaddi World Cup: In 2012, Patna, India had the honor of hosting the inaugural Women’s Kabaddi World Cup. This event had participation from 16 nations, including western nations like the United States, Mexico, and Canada. In the end, Iran finished as the second runner up behind India as the winner. India won the championship again in 2014 after defeating New Zealand in the championship match.
South Asian Games: This multi sport event brings together all the athletes from South Asia. The organising body is the South Asia Sports Council which was formed in 1983. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka are the eight nations that have actively participated in these games as of 2015. At the 2010 South Asian Games in Dhaka, Kabaddi was first played, and India won both the men’s and women’s competitions.
What equipment you need to play kabaddi?
When playing, players typically wear T-shirts with their team’s name and colors on the front and back and shorts. Other than this, the sport can be played without any equipment.
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